The term Greek mythology covers all the myths that are related to the Greek traditions, as they are presented in the texts of the ancient Greek Secretariat. Greek mythology specifically defines the narrative of the mythical histories created by the ancient Greeks concerning their Gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the ritual practices of their worship.
Modern researchers refer to myths and study them to understand their symbolism, the religious and political institutions of ancient Greeks and, in general, the ancient Greek civilization. The chronologically later Greek myths fit into the field of folklore and do not concern mythology in the narrow sense of the term.
Greek mythology consists of a rich collection of narratives referring to the origins of the world and recounting the life and adventures of a wide variety of gods, heroes, heroids and other mythological creatures. These stories were originally formed through oral and poetic tradition, before being written in the works of Greek literature.
The monumental figures in Mycenae and Minoan Crete helped solve many questions that arose from the Homeric epics and provided archaeological evidence for many of the mythological details of Gods and heroes.
Greek mythology has an essential influence on Western civilization in general, its philosophy, its history, its politics, its arts and literature, and is considered to be a key element of Western heritage. It is part of the education, from a young age, in many Western countries with significant Greek language influence. Poets, intellectuals and artists from ancient times to this day have drawn inspiration from Greek mythology, have attributed modern concepts and discovered relevance to classical mythological themes and the modern world.